Archive for May 2011
An Israeli Cabinet minister said the civilized world must take joint action to avert the Iranian nuclear threat, including a pre-emptive strike if necessary.
Moshe Yaalon — the minister for strategic affairs — made the statement in an interview with Russia’s Interfax news agency released Monday ahead of a visit to Moscow.
“We strongly hope that the entire civilized world will come to realize what threat this regime is posing and take joint action to avert the nuclear threat posed by Iran, even if it would be necessary to conduct a pre-emptive strike,” Yaalon was quoted by Interfax as saying.
Yaalon wouldn’t discuss who might deal the strike, saying the entire world, not just Israel, must be concerned about the danger posed by a nuclear-armed Iran.
“An Iran possessing nuclear weapons would be a threat to the entire civilized world,” he was reported as saying.
Yaalon’s spokesman Ofer Harel told The Associated Press later Monday that the minister was repeating Israel’s position that all options are on the table and not calling for anybody to attack Iran.
Iran has insisted its nuclear program is peaceful, but the U.S., Israel and many others believe it is cover for developing atomic weapons.
Posted May 31, 2011on:
The human race will find life elsewhere in the Universe as it pushes ahead with space exploration, reported astronauts of the space shuttle Endeavour. The US space shuttle Endeavour prepares today to undock from the International Space Station and jet back to Earth, wrapping up its final journey before entering retirement, NASA said.
“If we push back boundaries far enough, I’m sure eventually we’ll find something out there,” said Mike Foreman, a mission specialist on the Endeavour, “Maybe not as evolved as we are, but it’s hard to believe that there is not life somewhere else in this great Universe,” he added.
The crew members on Endeavour’s past missions said that so far they have not seen anything inexplicable or mysterious in terms of other life forms.
“I personally believe that we are going to find something that we can’t explain,” said another astronaut, Gregory Johnson. “There is probably something out there but I’ve never seen it,” he said.
Dominic Gorie, the crew commander and veteran of four space flights, points out that explorers in past eras did not know what they would find before setting off across the ocean. “As we travel in the space, we don’t know what we’ll find. That’s the beauty of what we do. I hope that someday we’ll find what we don’t understand.”
But it could take a while before human beings come into contact with extraterrestrial life, Richard Linnehan, a fellow mission specialist and believer in the possibilities of extraterrestrial life, has said: “Unfortunately we are taking only baby steps in outer space efforts, and we left our planet barely a few hundred miles above the atmosphere,” he said.
Takao Doi, a Japanese astronaut on past Endeavour missions, agreed “life like us must exist” elsewhere in the Universe. The comments come after a surprisingly high-level debate in Japan about UFOs.
Japan’s Foreign Minister, Nobutaka Machimura said in 2007 that he personally believed aliens existed, in an unusual rebuttal to a government statement that Japan had no knowledge of UFOs. Defence Minister Shigeru Ishiba went as far as to say that he was studying the legal ramifications of responding to an alien attack in light of Japan’s post-World War II pacifist constitution.
At the celebration marking the 50th anniversary of NASA, Stephen Hawking, Newton’s heir as the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge, answered the question, “Are we alone?” His answer is short and simple; probably not!
Hawking presented three options. One, being that there is no life out there; and two –- somewhat pessimistically, but subsequently, a little too realistic –- being that when intelligent life gets smart enough to send signals in to space, it is also busying itself with making nuclear bombs.
Hawking, known not only for his sharp mind, but his sharp sense of humor, prefers option number three: “Primitive life is very common and intelligent life is fairly rare,” he quickly added: “Some would say it has yet to occur on earth.”
Alien abductions, in Hawking’s view, are nothing more than claims made by “weirdos,” but we should be careful if we ever happen upon an alien. Because alien life may not have DNA like ours, Hawking warns “Watch out if you would meet an alien. You could be infected with a disease with which you have no resistance.”
Other prominent astrobiologists have warned that we humans may be blinded by our familiarity with carbon and Earth-like conditions. In other words, what we’re looking for may not even lie in our version of a “sweet spot”. After all, even here on Earth, one species “sweet spot” is another’s species worst nightmare. In any case, it is not beyond the realm of feasibility that our first encounter with extraterrestrial life will not be a solely carbon-based occasion.
So what about water? Isn’t at least water essential to life? Not necessarily. Ammonia, for example, has many of the same properties as water. An ammonia or ammonia-water mixture stays liquid at much colder temperatures than plain water. Such biochemistries may exist outside the conventional water-based “habitability zone”. One example of such a location would be right here in our own solar system on Saturn’s largest moon Titan.
Hydrogen fluoride methanol, hydrogen sulfide, hydrogen chloride, and formamide have all been suggested as suitable solvents that could theoretically support alternative biochemistry. All of these “water replacements” have pros and cons when considered in our terrestrial environment. What needs to be considered is that with a radically different environment, comes radically different reactions. Water and carbon might be the very last things capable of supporting life in some extreme planetary conditions.
Back to their final mission: “Endeavour’s crew now will prepare for undocking at 11:55 pm (0355 GMT) by completing a check out of the rendezvous tools and installing the centerline camera before concluding their flight day at 11:26 am (1526 GMT),” NASA said.
Endeavour’s 16-day mission began with the shuttle’s launch from Cape Canaveral, Florida on May 16 and will conclude when the shuttle lands back on Earth early on June 1.
The team spent a total of 10 days, 23 hours, and 45 minutes at the space station.
During that time, the crew delivered and installed a massive physics experiment, the Alpha-Magnetic Spectrometer-2, that will be left at the space station to scour the Universe for clues about dark matter and antimatter.
GERALD CELENTE: The Spanish Are Picking Up Where The Egyptians Left Off, And By Winter The Revolution Will Be Global
Posted May 31, 2011on:
Trend forecaster Gerald Celente gives a preview of his Summer Trends Journal in an interview with King World News.
Celente says riots from Iran to Spain are the beginning of another world war, precipitated by food prices, unemployment and inequality. Last year he claimed that 2011 would bring “Off With Their Heads 2.0” and the prediction is going well so far.
We transcribed just part of one answer from his breathless interview with Eric King:
What’s constant in all of these uprisings are the few factors that are undeniable. Food prices at all time highs. Unemployment at record highs. You have 18 to 28 year olds holding university degrees in worthlessness that can’t get jobs. Go look what happened in Egypt. Average wage ten dollars a day, and that’s if you’re doing well. And you know the deal. You’re smart. This is different from the old feudal age. In the neo-feudal age the people know the score.
What hasn’t been in the news is what has happened in Spain, and that’s the big news. Young people have wised up. They know the score. Those are the people that are ahead of all of these revolutions.
They know that voting for either of the major parties in Spain means more of the same. It’s like voting for the Gambino crime family or the Bananno crime family.
And they want a third way.
And they’re picking up where the Egyptians left off. They’re going out into the streets and they’re not leaving the streets, because again, when you lose everything and have nothing left to lose, you lose it.
These are young people, as I said, with university degrees in worthlessness, they’re internet connected, it’s journalism 2.0, they’re getting everyone out to join them, because they know now that if they don’t fight against the machine, the machine is going to grind them up. These revolutions are going to spread over the summer throughout Europe. By the winter it’s going to go global.
In the search for life on other planets, scientists are looking beyond single-celled organisms and are developing techniques that would help them detect multicellular life. In a recent study published in the journal Astrobiology, researchers are proposing a particular mathematical technique to detect tree-like multicellular structures on extrasolar planets.
“This technique allows us to identify planets that potentially have complex life and distinguish them from planets with simple life,” said lead author Christopher Doughty, a junior research fellow in tropical forest science at the Environmental Change Institute at the University of Oxford in England. [Is the Rocky Alien Planet Gliese 581d Really Habitable?]
In other words, the authors predict that even when observing planets outside the solar system, scientists would be able to identify a planet with forests by the characteristics of the light that it reflects, even if it looks like just a dot in the viewing lens.
Scientists have come up with various methods to detect life on extrasolar planets.
Some are working to detect the composition of gases in the atmosphere — the presence of oxygen, which on Earth is mainly a by-product of life, could be one such biosignature. Others are focusing on a reflectance signature such as the “red edge,” which is the difference between the light that is absorbed for photosynthesis and the light reflected back in other wavelengths of the near-infrared spectrum.
When studying climate on Earth, it is important to understand the brightness of its surface. In order to determine the brightness, scientists must first account for the effect of shadows that are cast by various structures on the surface.
The mathematical technique used to estimate the effect of shadows is what is known as bidirectional reflectance distribution function, or BRDF. It is defined as the change in reflectance of an object viewed from different angles. The method is already used on satellites orbiting Earth.
“Imagine going outside on a sunny day,” Doughty explained. “When the sun is directly overhead, you will not see your shadow. If someone took a picture of you from above, there would be no shadows present, and the picture would be bright. Now go outside a few hours later. Your shadow will be present. A picture taken from above will now be darker because the shadow is included.”
Trees on Earth developed their canopy form due to the competition for light and the need to transport water and nutrients. The authors of the study predict that if multicellular photosynthetic organisms are found on extrasolar planets, they too will be found to have a tree-like structure that casts shadows.
Doughty and his co-author Adam Wolf of Princeton University used a BRDF model to simulate vegetation and how it reflects light at different planetary angles to estimate how the brightness of the planet changed with and without trees. The authors contend that, when viewed from space, forests appear brightest when the observer is in line with the Sun. This position is known as the “hot spot” because at that location, no shadows are visible.
“Even if the entire planet were reduced to a single pixel, under certain situations, there would be a difference in the brightness of the planet as it rotates around its star that would not be there if there were no trees,” Doughty said.
There are other factors that affect a planet’s brightness, such as the presence of water. Light reflecting from a planet that is covered in water or ice will make that planet look much brighter than a planet without those features.
The hunt for life
With the discovery of more and more planets outside the solar system, there is growing interest in devising methods to detect life on Earth-sized extrasolar planets. To do this, scientists rely on planetary biosignatures or indications that serve as evidence for both life that may have existed in the past and may exist now.
In addition to atmospheric biogenic gases such as oxygen, another biosignature scientists have already considered is the surface reflectance spectra of vegetation, or the amount of light reflected off plant matter at different wavelengths.
“There are also in situ techniques to look for chemical signs of life in the rock surface of a planet, but this requires actually visiting the planet for direct sampling, like the Martian rovers are doing,” said Nancy Kiang, a scientist specializing in terrestrial biometeorology and biogeochemistry at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York City. “Astronomical techniques with telescopes look at the radiance spectrum of a distant planet. Up till now, the target biosignatures for telescopes have been biogenic gases and surface biological pigments.”
The technique proposed in this study, however, is different.
“This technique [BRDF] can distinguish between a planet dominated by single cellular life and that of tree-like multicellular life,” Doughty said.
Kiang said the study was a “good start with an original contribution to the concept of biosignatures.” She pointed out that using the BRDF function would require knowing another biosignature — the reflectance spectrum of a plant leaf — in order to select the suitable wavelength to calculate the function.
“This could help distinguish complex life from, say, green slime,” Kiang said.
“I saw four angels standing on the four corners of the Earth, holding the four winds of the Earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth…till we have sealed the servants of God in their foreheads.” Revelation 7:1-3
May 28, 2011 – The Bible gives us a frightening and apocalyptic glimpse into what degree Earthchanges will ultimately devastate the planet in the near future. Until recently, the dimensional horror of just how bad things could get as described in the book of Revelation was dismissed by modern critics as nothing more than a religious fairy tale. Some historians considered the plagues in the 16th Chapter of the Book of Revelation to be impossible by all the natural laws of science just 20 years ago.
As we look around at the devastating toll earthchanges have already taken on our planet just this year, it seems now no one is laughing anymore. 2nd plague- Every living thing dies in the sea (Revelation 16:3).
When millions of marine animals across the globe begin washing up on beaches in 2011, most for reasons still unknown, people begin to believe this plague is not only possible but now more probable than ever given the deteriorating health and pollution of our oceans. 4th Plague: “Power was given unto him (the Sun) to scorch men with fire.” (Revelation 16:8).
The present solar cycle 24 (2012-2013) is already showing signs that it may be progressively one of the most turbulent in more than a millennia. NASA is already issuing warnings of potential catastrophes. 6th Plague: “The great river Euphrates and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the East might be prepared.” (Revelation 16:12)
According to this Bloomberg report, the Euphrates River began drying up in the year 2009- right around the same time western countries were devastated by the Economic Crash of 2008-2009, and economic power shifted from the West to the rising powers of the East- mainly Russia and China.
“And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great.” Revelation 16:21. Hail from super-cell storm systems is getting larger and now the 100 lb balls of ice described as destroying the Earth in the Book of Revelation doesn’t seem quite so far-fetched anymore.
In July 23, 2010, some of the largest hailstones ever seen fell in Vivian South Dakota from a super-cell storm system that produced violent outbreaks of tornadoes. The SD hailstones were measured at more than 8 inches in diameter and left craters in the ground. (Above) This week, that record was shattered by a monster hailstone almost one and half times that size which fell during a violent thunderstorm that struck Norman, Oklahoma. The day all hell breaks loose on Earth may be closer than any of us realize.
Unseen for 4,500 years: Pyramid finally reveals its hidden secrets as robot captures images of ancient markings
Posted May 31, 2011on:
The last great mystery of the pyramids could be closer to being found thanks to a robot built in Leeds.
Images captured by a new ‘micro snake’ camera travelling deep within the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt reveal small hieroglyphs written in red paint on the floor of a small, hidden chamber.
Egyptologists believe that if deciphered the markings could unlock the secrets of why tunnels, doors and secret chambers were built within pyramids such as this one.
The pyramid is the last of the seven wonders of the ancient world still standing, and is thought to have been built as a tomb for Pharoah Khufu, who ruled in the Fourth Egyptian Dynasty and died in 2566 BC.
Khufu had the Great Pyramid of Giza built as a monumental tomb, inside of which are tomb chambers, ante-rooms, chambers, ventilation shafts and access tunnels.
There are three main chambers: The King’s Chamber, the Queen’s Chamber and the Grand Gallery.
The King’s Chamber has two shafts connected to outside, but two tunnels from the Queen’s Chamber deep inside the widest part of the pyramid have two stone doors.
It is not the first time robots have been used within the pyramid to gather evidence about the intricate workings of the structure.
In 1993 a robot discovered a small door set with metal pins, the first time any metal had been found inside the pyramid, igniting speculation that the pins were keys or door handles.
In 2002 a different robot filmed a small chamber blocked by a stone after managing to drill through the first stone block.
The latest robot, built by engineer Rob Richardson from the University of Leeds, has a bendy camera that can see around corners, reports the New Scientist.
The images revealed could be numbers or graffiti which were common in Giza at the time of the pyramid’s construction. Egyptologists believe the marks could be the work of stone masons or work gangs, and could denote names, numbers or dates.
The door which puzzles experts can be seen to be polished, thanks to the bendy camera, marking it out as an important part of the structure rather than simply as something to stop debris entering the chamber, says camera designer Shuan Whitehead.
Zahi Hawass, Egypt’s minister of state for antiquities affairs is the director of the project named Djedi, after the magician that Pharoah Khufu consulted when planning his tomb. He says no other pyramid has a tunnel and door like this, suggesting that it may well contain a hidden room.
Hawas told the New Scientist, ‘The Magician Djedi met Khufu, who was searching for the god Thoth so he could find the secret of hiding his pyramid…maybe there is something hidden in the pyramid.’
Egyptologist Kate Spence of Cambridge University says the tunnels may purely be symbolic and relate to the stars.
Although she is not involved directly in the study of the Giza pyramid, Spence does not believe there is a further, hidden chamber behind the door, suggesting instead that the shafts could have been built to allow the Pharoah’s spirit to cross to the afterlife.
The Great Pyramid of Giza was the largest pyramid ever built. It is made of over 2.5 million stone blocks weighing around 2.5 tons each.
The pyramid was constructed over a 14 to 20-year period concluding around 2560 BC.
Originally standing 480.6 ft tall, the Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years.
Built for the Pharaoh Khufu as a tomb, inside would have been necessities needed for the afterlife, including his sarcophagus.
Originally, the entire casing was finished in a polished limestone
The burial chamber is located in the center of the pyramid. It can be reached by a series of passages including a 30ft high gallery. Many of the passages were filled with traps to stop possible graverobbers.
Khufu left behind him three wives, who were interred in three smaller pyramids, and fathered fifteen daughters and nine sons.
Posted May 31, 2011on:
Romania will experience teleportation, with the most powerful laser in the world, will be built at the Institute of Magurele. This will create an electric field so strong that it will carry material from one point to another, just as we have seen in science fiction movies.
The laser will produce an energy so powerful, a million times more energy than the outlet, so atoms can move at lightning speed. It will not have enough power that the human body to teleport, but biectele can move at lightning speed.
And laser range facscicolul will create the location object, an electric field stronger than anywhere else. Instantly, the electrons will result in nuclei where they were taken.