Follow The Things That Makes You Happy And The Love Project. Be The Change :) Live Your Dreams Today :D

Web Censorship moves West

Posted on: June 30, 2011

For a long time, the dominant conversation around internet censorship has focused on two of the practice’s giants: Iran and China.

Arguably owners of the most sophisticated filtering methods, the criticism levied against these two countries has been deserved. And yet, the focus on them has largely been at the exclusion of other countries that also censor the web to varying degrees – including an increasing number of democracies.

In recent weeks, Turkey, Tunisia, and Australia have all made headlines for their various plans to introduce new filtering schemes. Though each country’s plan differs, they all have similar focus: curbing access to obscene content.

But while blocking obscenity may reflect the will of the people, such filters nonetheless have implications for freedom of expression.

Australian ISPs ‘aim to curb child sexual abuse’

In Australia, after several failed attempts by the government to introduce a mandatory filtering scheme, several Australian ISPs have taken matters into their own hands, blocking access to a list of 500 sites.

The ISPs will base their blacklists on a list maintained by the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA), as well as – according to News.com.au – “child abuse URLs that are provided by reputable international organisations”.

In 2009, a copy of the ACMA’s blacklist was published by WikiLeaks, and was found to include the website of a Queensland-based dentist, a handful of Christian sites, and some YouTube videos – as well as adult sites deemed to be legal in Australia.

Such errors raise questions amongst free expression advocates about the lack of transparency in the process of determining which sites will be banned. There is also concern that there appears to be no appeals process by which to challenge sites banned by the ISPs.

Tunisia blocked pornography by court order

For years, Tunisia stood along with China and Iran as one of the world’s most strict online censors. Following the January 2011 popular revolt, however, internet filtering became obsolete for a time.

Shortly thereafter, a military tribunal moved to block a handful of sites, including all individual Facebook profiles or pages.

The latest measure to block sites in Tunisia comes after a group of conservative lawyers filed a legal case to “impose the blocking of pornographic content”. The Tunisian Internet Agency at first refused to implement the order and sought a stay of the ruling, but on June 13, the motion was denied and the Agency was forced to comply with the order.

The decision was met with derision by many Tunisians, some of whom protested on the grounds of personal freedom or concern that filtering any type of content would open the doors to further censorship; while others felt that the debate distracted from more important issues in the fledgling democracy. Still, some others were in support of the ban.

Turkey’s four-pronged approach

Turkey’s proposed filtering scheme has raised ire across the country, with citizens marching in the streets against censorship.

Though the scheme is meant to offer four opt-in layers of filtering – from “standard” to “children” – Turkish citizens realise they have plenty to lose. After all, the government has blocked YouTube and WordPress, among various other sites, for containing content deemed insulting to “Turkishness”.

Meanwhile, Turkey’s Law on the Internet #5651 allows any party to petition a court to block content for a range of reasons – including alleged defamation. Some Turkish analysts believe that the law is easily abused.

Furthermore, a 2009 report from the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe highlighted that 80 per cent of Turkey’s banned sites had been blocked at the behest of administrative decisions, rather than court rulings.

Though the new system’s “standard” option will come without new filtering, there is no word as to whether already-blocked sites will remain banned.

Filtering is futile

While filtering – when conducted in the home or other private space – can be a good thing, such as preventing children from inadvertently accessing obscene or other undesirable content, government-level filtering does more harm than good.

Not only is it probable – and quite common – for “benign” sites to get caught up in content filters, blocking a certain type of content does not necessarily mean that such content ceases to exist; and in the case of child pornography, blocking may simply force such content “underground”, to peer to peer and other private networks where perpetrators are more difficult to catch.

Filtering at the government or ISP level is costly, yet can be easily circumvented with minimal tech savvy, using widely available proxy tools.

Most problematically, setting a precedent of blocking websites simply makes it that much easier for a government or ISP to extend filtering as they wish.

While few might object to blocking child pornography, what happens when the filters go after politically sensitive content? Will anyone object then?

Jillian C York is the director for International Freedom of Expression at the Electronic Frontier Foundation in San Francisco.

The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily represent Al Jazeera’s editorial policy.

Source

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

WE ARE MAKING LOVE NOT WAR

Non Profit Organizations Are Replacing Private Corporations :D

The Collapse Of Rational Extroverts Science Based People And The Exponential Rise Of Emotional Intuitive Spiritual Introverts..We All Have Natural Rights Given By Our Mother Nature: To Have A Public Life, To Have A Private Life And To Have A Secret Life..LOVE YOU ALL :X

You Have The Right To Be UnGoogleAble And Live Without Any Corporate Ads Suggestions :)

Our MIND is like a CELL limited by our Own BELIEFS. It's time to move Beyond...So please, SPREAD the News and Raise the Humanity Awareness :) For a Better World! The True Revolution doesn't mean Violence. It means Reevaluating OUR Perceptions, Values and Thinking. You Are A Spiritual Being Having A Human Biological Computer Fun Experience.. Sovereign Planet :) Wake Up!

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 19 other followers

Our hearts Are Awake :D

"NOTHING IS MORE POWERFUL THAN AN IDEA WHOSE TIME HAS COME."
Victor Hugo

"DON'T ASK YOURSELF WHAT THE WORLD NEEDS; ASK YOURSELF WHAT MAKES YOU COME ALIVE. AND THEN GO AND DO THAT. BECAUSE WHAT THE WORLD NEEDS IS PEOPLE WHO HAVE COME ALIVE."
Harold Whitman

"WE ARE NOT HELD BACK BY THE LOVE WE DIDN'T RECEIVE IN THE PAST, BUT BY THE LOVE WE'RE NOT EXTENDING IN THE PRESENT."
Marianne Williamson

"INNER FREEDOM IS NOT GUIDED BY OUR EFFORTS; IT COMES FROM SEEING WHAT IS TRUE."
The Buddha

"THE GREATEST DECEPTION MEN SUFFER IS FROM THEIR OWN OPINIONS."
Leonardo Da Vinci

"THE VERY THINGS WE WISH TO AVOID, NEGLECT AND FLEE FROM TURN OUT BE THE 'PRIMA METERIA' FROM WHICH ALL REAL GROWTH COMES."
Andrew Harvey

"IDENTIFICATION...IS A FORM OF ESCAPE FROM THE SELF."
Krishnamurti

"CHANGING MASS CONSCIOUSNESS IS AN INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY."
Dennis Weaver

"CONFLICT IS THE BEGINNING OF CONSCIOUSNESS."
M. Esther Harding

"IF YOU PUT YOURSELF INA POSITION WHERE YOU AHVE TO STRECH OUTSIDE YOUR COMFORT ZONE, THEN YOU ARE FORCED TO EXPAND YOUR CONSCIOUSNESS."
Les Brown

"IT'S EXHILARATING TO BE ALIVE IN A TIME OF AWAKENING CONSCIOUSNESS; IT CAN ALSO BE CONFUSING, DISORIENTING, AND PAINFUL." Adrienne Rich

"NO PROBLEM CAN BE SOLVED FROM THE SAME LEVEL OF CONSCIOUSNESS THAT CREATED IT."
Albert Einstein

"ONLY WHEN YOUR CONSCIOUSNESS IS TOTALLY FOCUSED ON THE MOMENT YOU ARE IN CAN RECEIVE WHATEVER GIFT, LESSON, OR DELIGHT THAT MOMENT HAS TO OFFER."
Barbara de Angelis

"THE KEY TO GROWTH IS THE INTRODUCTION OF HIGHER DIMENSIONS OF CONSCIOUSNESS INTO OUR AWARENESS."
Lao Tzu

"OUR ATTITUDE TOWARD LIFE DETERMINES LIFE'S ATTITUDE TOWARDS US."
Earl Nightingale

"OPTIMISM IS THE ONE QUALITY MORE ASSOCIATED WITH SUCCESS AND HAPPINESS THAN ANY OTHER."
Brian Tracy

TOP ALTERNATIVE NEWS SITES

http://english.aljazeera.net/
http://www.activistpost.com/
http://www.mind-trek.com/
http://www.prisonplanet.com/
http://www.infowars.com/
http://beforeitsnews.com/
http://www.blacklistednews.com/
http://cryptome.org/
http://www.davidicke.com/
http://www.demotix.com/
http://www.disinfo.com/
http://www.drudgereport.com/
http://educate-yourself.org/
http://www.exopolitics.org/
http://www.getoutofdebtfree.org/
http://www.globalresearch.ca/
http://www.godlikeproductions.com/
http://news.ycombinator.com/
http://www.theagoranational.ca/
http://www.coasttocoastam.com/
http://www.truthwinds.com/
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/
http://www.naturalnews.com/
http://rense.com/
http://www.ufo-blogger.com/
http://rt.com/news/today/
http://www.news.com.au/
http://newsfeedresearcher.com/
http://www.physorg.com/
http://www.redicecreations.com/
http://www.setyoufreenews.co.uk/
http://www.space.com/
http://thecrowhouse.com/home.html
http://www.dailygalaxy.com/
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/
http://rawstory.com/
http://www.rumormillnews.com/
http://vigilantcitizen.com/
http://truthiscontagious.com/
http://truthisscary.com/
http://projectcamelotportal.com/
http://www.world-mysteries.com/
http://www.wideawakenews.com/
http://www.yourstrawman.com/
http://www.zerohedge.com/

%d bloggers like this: